About Cervical Cancer (treatment of symptoms and prevention)

What is Cervical Cancer ?
Cervical cancer is a malignancy that occurs in the cervix. Cervical cancer is also called cervical cancer or cervical cancer begins in the lining of the cervix.

Cervical cancer is formed very slowly. First, some changes from normal cells into cells pre-cancerous and then into cancer cells. This can happen for many years, but sometimes it happens faster. These changes are often called dysplasia. They can be found with Pap smear tests and can be treated to prevent cancer.

To understand cervical cancer, it helps us understand the anatomy of a woman's uterus in advance.

Rahim female anatomy

Neck of the womb (cervix) is the bottom of the uterus (womb). Rahim has 2 parts. The upper part, called the body of the uterus, is where the baby grows. The cervix, at the bottom, connecting the body uterus to the vagina, also called the birth canal.

There are 2 main types of cervical cancer. Approximately 8-9 out of 10 species present is squamous cell carcinoma. Under the microscope, this type of cancer formed by cells such as squamous cells that cover the surface of the cervix. Most of the remainder are adenocarcinoma. Cancer begins in cells that make mucus glands. Rarely, cervical cancer have both kinds of features above and is called mixed carcinoma. Other species (such as melanomas, sarcomas, and lymphomas), which most often occurs in other parts of the body. If you have cervical cancer, ask your doctor to explain what type of cancer you have.

How many women get cervical cancer?

The number of women with cervical cancer prevalence in Indonesia is quite large. Every day, found 40-45 new cases with the number of deaths reaches 20-25 people. While the number of women at risk of the virus reaching 48 million people. Doctor Laila Nuranna SpOG (K), Head of Oncology Division of Obstetrics Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, said that most cases of cervical cancer were detected in hospitals has been so difficult to treat advanced stage. "If the cancer is found early, the handling will be easier and greater life expectancy," he said during a discussion Effort Campaign and Cervical Cancer Treatment at the Hotel Lumire Jakarta, Monday, April 12, 2010.

Some researchers think that non-invasive cervical cancer (which only occurs in the cervix when found) is about 4 times more common than invasive cervical cancers. When found and treated early, cervical cancer often can be cured.

Cervical cancer tends to occur in middle-aged women. Most cases are found in women who are under 50 years. It rarely occurs in young women (aged 20 years). Many women do not know that when you get old, they are still at risk for cervical cancer. That is why it is important for older women to continue to undergo regular Pap smear tests

Cervical Cancer Risk Factors

The risk factors below can increase a woman's chance of cervical cancer:

Infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

In cervical cancer, the most important risk factor is infection with HPV (human papilloma virus). HPV is a group of more than 100 related viruses that can infect cells on the skin surface, is transmitted through skin contact such as vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Low-risk HPV virus can cause genital warts (genital wart disease) that can heal itself with immunity. But in high-risk HPV virus types (types 16, 18, 31, 33 and 45), the virus can alter the surface of vaginal cells. If not immediately detected and treated, the HPV virus infection in the long run this can cause cells to form pre cervical cancer.

Unsafe sex, especially at a young age or having multiple sex partners, allowing the occurrence of HPV infection. Three of the four new cases of HPV infection attacks the young women (aged 15-24 years). HPV Virus Infection can occur within the first 2-3 years they are sexually active.

At the age of adolescents (12-20 years) female reproductive organs are actively growing. Stimulation of the penis / semen can trigger changes in the nature of the cells become abnormal, especially if the injury occurs during intercourse and then infection with HPV virus. These abnormal cells that contain high potential cause of cervical cancer.

Now there are several vaccines that prevent infection from some types of HPV.

cause of cervical cancer

Other factors are as follows:

Smoking: Women who smoke are two times more likely to get cervical cancer than those who do not. Cigarettes contain many toxic substances / chemicals that can cause lung cancer. Hazardous substances were brought into the bloodstream throughout the body to other organs as well. By-products (by-products), cigarettes are often found in cervical mucosa of women smokers.

HIV infection: HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is the virus that causes AIDS-is not the same with HPV. It can also be a risk factor for cervical cancer. Having HIV somehow make a woman's immune system less able to fight both HPV infection and cancers at an early stage.

Chlamydia infection: This is a common bacteria that attacks the organs of women, spread through sexual intercourse. A woman may not know that he was infected but do test for chlamydia during a pelvic exam. Some research found that women who have a history or current infection are at risk of cervical cancer is higher. Infection in the long run can also cause other serious problems.

Diet: What you eat can also play a role. Diet low in vegetables and fruits may be associated with increased risk of cancer seviks. Also, women are obese / overweight are at higher risk.

Birth control pills: Use of birth control pills in the long term may increase the risk of cervical cancer. Research found that the risk of cervical cancer increases with the longer women used the contraceptive pill and tends to decrease when the pill on-stop. You should discuss with your doctor about the pros cons of the use of birth control pills in your case. Having a lot of Pregnancy: Women who underwent 3 or more pregnancies have an increased risk of intact cervical cancer. No one knows why this could occur.

First pregnancy at a young age: Women who get pregnant the first at age under 17 years almost always 2x more likely to develop cervical cancer in old age, than women who delay pregnancy until the age of 25 years or older

Low Income: Poor women are at risk of cervical cancer is higher. This may be because they are unable to obtain adequate health care, such as Pap smear tests regularly.

DES (diethylstilbestrol): DES is a hormonal drug that was used between the years 1940-1971 for some women who are in danger of miscarriage. Female children of women who use these drugs, when they are pregnant are at risk of cervical and vaginal cancer is slightly higher.

Family History: Cervical cancer may run in some families. When Mom or your sister has cervical cancer, your risk of this cancer can be 2 or 3 times as much from others who are not. This may be because women are less able to fight HPV infection than other women in general.
Judul: About Cervical Cancer (treatment of symptoms and prevention); Ditulis oleh Hery IMG; Rating Blog: 5 dari 5

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